Molar mass of Tris HCl (1185-53-1)

Release time:


Tris HCl, also known as trimethylaminomethane hydrochloride, is one of the common buffer components in the laboratory. It is widely used in experiments in biochemistry, molecular biology, and other fields to maintain acid-base equilibrium of solutions. To understand the molar mass of Tris-HCl, its molecular structure and composition need to be considered, which is crucial for the correct preparation of buffer solutions and the success of experiments. Below, we will focus on exploring the molar mass of Tris HCl, including its calculation method and application in the laboratory.

Molecular structure of Tris HCl

Tris HCl is an organic hydrochloride with a relatively simple molecular structure, consisting of two main components: Tris (trimethylaminomethane) and hydrochloric acid (HCl). The Tris molecular structure consists of a central carbon atom surrounded by three amino groups (NH2), one hydroxide group (OH), and one methyl group (CH3). These groups give Tris the properties of a buffer and help maintain the acid-base balance of the solution. Hydrochloric acid (HCl) is a strong acid, which is the hydrochloride part of Tris HCl buffer solution. It provides the acidic component of Tris HCl buffer solution to adjust the required pH value in the experiment. Tris HCl is usually supplied in the form of solid powder for preparation and use in the laboratory.

Calculation of molar mass of Tris HCl

To calculate the molar mass of Tris HCl, we need to consider the molar mass of each atom in its molecular structure and add them together. The molecular formula of Tris HCl is C4H11NO3, and the molar masses of each atom and ion in it are considered one by one:

(1) The molar mass of carbon atoms (C) is approximately 12.01 g/mol.

(2) The molar mass of hydrogen atom (H) is approximately 1.01 g/mol.

(3) The molar mass of nitrogen atoms (N) is approximately 14.01 g/mol.

(4) The molar mass of oxygen atom (O) is approximately 16.00 g/mol.

Now we can add the molar masses of these atoms based on the molecular formula of Tris HCl:

Molar mass=(4 × Molar mass of hydrogen)+(1 × Molar mass of nitrogen)+(3 × Molar mass of oxygen)+(4 × Molar mass of carbon)+(1 × Molar mass of chloride ions)

Molar mass=(4 × 1.01 g/mol)+(1 × 14.01 g/mol)+(3 × 16.00 g/mol)+(4 × 12.01 g/mol) molar mass ≈ 121.14 g/mol. Therefore, the molar mass of Tris HCl is approximately 121.14g/mole.

Laboratory Application of Tris HCl

Tris HCl, as a buffer, has various laboratory applications. One of its main functions is to maintain the required pH value in experiments, especially in biochemistry and molecular biology technologies. Tris HCl can maintain solution stability under acidic or alkaline conditions, which is crucial for the study of many enzyme activities and biomolecular interactions. In addition, it is also used in experiments such as protein electrophoresis and nucleic acid electrophoresis as part of the electrophoresis buffer, which helps maintain a stable ion environment during the electrophoresis process to ensure accurate separation. In cell culture, it can also be used to prepare buffer salt solutions to maintain the appropriate pH range of the culture medium, which helps cell growth and maintain its physiological state.

Tris HCl is a common laboratory buffer component with a molar mass of approximately 121.14 g/mol. Understanding the molar mass of Tris HCl has an important impact on the accurate preparation of buffer solutions and understanding its role in laboratory applications. As an advantageous manufacturer of biological buffering agents, Desheng can provide analytical grade raw materials with good water solubility and stable performance, suitable for various experimental testing, and directly sold products with flexible price settings. If you have any interest, please feel free to contact us for purchase!